Blood donation is one of the easiest and best way to help someone who requires blood transfusion for his/her ailment. As blood cannot be prepared, it has to come from healthy voluntary blood donors. It is a social responsibility which we can easily meet.
Blood donation can be done either in the blood bank or in blood donation camps. Blood donation camps can be organised by the following types of blood banks.
A. Government Blood Banks. B. Indian Red Cross Blood Banks, C. Municipal Corporation run Blood Banks D. Trust run Blood Banks who are given permission by the State Blood Transfusion Council, under the directives of National Blood Transfusion Council in the National capital under the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare.
The few basic requirement for blood donations are as follows.
1. Age: 18 to 60 years.
2. Weight: more than 45 Kgs.
3. Haemoglobin: 12.5 gms% or more.
4. On the day of blood donation one should not be suffering from cough, cold, fever or any conditions of illness.
5. Meals: One should not be fasting on the day of blood donation.
6. Other conditions will be told by the blood bank staff.
7. Blood donation takes about 6 - 8 minutes, after which you will asked to lie down for about 5 more minutes holding the arm from which blood has been donated bent. Before getting up, the blood bank person will apply aseptic patch on the site of the needle prick. The donor would then be asked to get up slowly and made to sit for taking light refreshments and a cup of beverage. The total time should take about half an hour.
8. Normally one does not feel distress after donating blood, however a few may feel weak which is mostly psychological. In such cases please inform the blood bank staff, who will take adequate care of the blood donor. Such persons should not leave the blood donation camp without informing the staff.
9. One can donate blood every three months.
10.People with Diabetes and High Blood Pressure can donated blood, provided the blood sugar is under control by taking oral medicine and so also blood pressure is within acceptable limits.
11.If you have any specific questions regarding blood donation please ask the doctors working in the blood bank. Other doctors may not be able to answer all your questions.
12. Organising blood donation camps: Organisation wishing to organise a blood donation camp should talk to the doctors in the blood bank. This is a very pious activity which should be encouraged as much as possible. The occasion are birth days, foundation day, public holidays, festivals, etc.